The Care Act 2014

The most significant changes in adult social care since 1948 to be implemented.



The Care Act 2014 constitutes the most significant reform of adult social care since the start of the welfare state, but not everything in it is new. It does a mix of creating new duties, putting into law things that local authorities have been doing in practice for several years, and consolidating or modernising existing law.

Part 1 of the Care Act 2014:

  • ensures that people's wellbeing, and the outcomes which matter to them, will be at the heart of every decision that is made
  • provides for a single national minimum threshold for eligibility for care and support
  • puts carers on the same footing as those they care for, with a national eligibility threshold and rights to services
  • creates legal duties to prevent and delay needs for care and support and to provide information, advice and advocacy
  • puts Adult Safeguarding Boards on a statutory footing and makes the NHS and police statutory partners
  • creates legal duties to co-operate and integrate between the NHS and adult social care
  • embeds rights to choice, personalised care plans and personal budgets and requirements for councils to ensure a range of high quality services are available locally
  • extends financial support through increased means test thresholds and a cap on the costs of care that people will have to fund themselves
  • ensures that people do not have to sell their homes in their lifetime to pay for residential care, by providing for a new universal deferred payments scheme
  • gives new guarantees to ensure continuity of care when people move between areas, to remove the fear that people will be left without the care they need
  • includes new protections to ensure that no one goes without care if their provider fails, regardless of who pays for their care
  • creates a new duty to provide social care to people in prisons (this does not include safeguarding which is the responsibility of the prison service).

Part 2 of the Act underpins the Care Quality Commission's new inspection regimes for hospitals and care homes, Part 3 relates to Health Education England and the Health Research Authority, and Part 4 creates the statutory underpinnings for the Better Care Fund.

London Councils supports the principles behind the Care Act and has been actively lobbying government throughout the passage of the Care Act through parliament (see drop-down section below).  We have also been lobbying for London boroughs on the finalisation of policy details and guidance (see our statement ahead of our response and our March 2015 response to the consultation on implementing the new paying for care regime, as well as our response to the government consultation on implementation of the 2015 measures from August 2014 ).

  • For details of some of the work we had done to prepare for the Care Act 2014 see below:


London Councils was active in lobbying for the interests of London boroughs during the development of the Care Bill and its passage through Parliament in 2013/14.

Key submissions made London Councils can be found below. 

The Directors of Adult Social Services from boroughs, through their London ADASS network and supported by funding from the Department of Health, are working together to support implementation of the Care Act.  

Information on their work programme can be found on the London Social Care Partnership website or enquiries made to [email protected] (020 7934 9550).

London Councils detailed response to the consultation on the long term social care funding gap can be found here

This report explores some of the cost implications that the proposals for funding reform will have in London.  See link below for report